#
# OpenSSL example configuration file.
# OpenSSL 配置示例文件。
# This is mostly being used for generation of certificate requests.
# 这主要用于生成证书请求。
#

# This definition stops the following lines choking if HOME isn't
# defined.
# 如果未定义 HOME,后面的配置将无效。
HOME = .
RANDFILE = $ENV::HOME/.rnd

# Extra OBJECT IDENTIFIER info:
# 额外的 OBJECT IDENTIFIER (实体标识)信息:
#oid_file #
# OpenSSL example configuration file.
# OpenSSL 配置示例文件。
# This is mostly being used for generation of certificate requests.
# 这主要用于生成证书请求。
#

# This definition stops the following lines choking if HOME isn't
# defined.
# 如果未定义 HOME,后面的配置将无效。
HOME= .
RANDFILE= $ENV::HOME/.rnd

# Extra OBJECT IDENTIFIER info:
# 额外的 OBJECT IDENTIFIER (实体标识)信息:
#oid_file= $ENV::HOME/.oid
oid_section= new_oids

# To use this configuration file with the "-extfile" option of the
# "openssl x509" utility, name here the section containing the
# X.509v3 extensions to use:
# extensions= 
# (Alternatively, use a configuration file that has only
# X.509v3 extensions in its main [= default] section.)

[ new_oids ]

# We can add new OIDs in here for use by 'ca', 'req' and 'ts'.
# Add a simple OID like this:
# 我们可以在这里添加新的 OID 以供 'ca','req' 和 'ts' 使用。
# 像这样添加一个简单的 OID:
# testoid1=1.2.3.4
# Or use config file substitution like this:
# testoid2=${testoid1}.5.6

# Policies used by the TSA examples.
# TSA示例使用的策略。
tsa_policy1 = 1.2.3.4.1
tsa_policy2 = 1.2.3.4.5.6
tsa_policy3 = 1.2.3.4.5.7

####################################################################
[ ca ]
default_ca= CA_default# The default ca section,指向下面的 [ CA_default ]

####################################################################
[ CA_default ]

dir= /etc/pki/CA# Where everything is kept CA(CA 目录,所有 CA 信息都存在这里)
certs= $dir/certs# Where the issued certs are kept(颁发证书存放目录)
crl_dir= $dir/crl# Where the issued crl are kept(CRl 证书撤销信息存储目录)
database= $dir/index.txt# database index file.(数据库目录文件)
#unique_subject= no# Set to 'no' to allow creation of several ctificates with same subject.(设置为“no”以允许创建多个具有相同主体的 ctificates。)
new_certs_dir= $dir/newcerts# default place for new certs.(新证书的默认位置。)

certificate= $dir/cacert.pem # The CA certificate(CA证书)
serial= $dir/serial # The current serial number(当前证书的序号)
crlnumber= $dir/crlnumber# the current crl number(当前的 crl 序号)
# must be commented out to leave a V1 CRL (必须注释掉以留下V1 CRL)
crl= $dir/crl.pem # The current CRL(目前的 CRL)
private_key= $dir/private/cakey.pem# The private key (私钥)
RANDFILE= $dir/private/.rand# private random number file (私人随机数文件)

x509_extensions= usr_cert# The extentions to add to the cert

# Comment out the following two lines for the "traditional"
# (and highly broken) format.
name_opt = ca_default# Subject Name options
cert_opt = ca_default# Certificate field options

# Extension copying option: use with caution.
# copy_extensions = copy

# Extensions to add to a CRL. Note: Netscape communicator chokes on V2 CRLs
# so this is commented out by default to leave a V1 CRL.
# crlnumber must also be commented out to leave a V1 CRL.
# crl_extensions= crl_ext

default_days= 365# how long to certify for
default_crl_days= 30# how long before next CRL
default_md= sha256# use SHA-256 by default
preserve= no# keep passed DN ordering

# A few difference way of specifying how similar the request should look
# For type CA, the listed attributes must be the same, and the optional
# and supplied fields are just that :-)
policy= policy_match

# For the CA policy
[ policy_match ]
countryName= match
stateOrProvinceName= match
organizationName= match
organizationalUnitName= optional
commonName= supplied
emailAddress= optional

# For the 'anything' policy
# At this point in time, you must list all acceptable 'object'
# types.
[ policy_anything ]
countryName= optional
stateOrProvinceName= optional
localityName= optional
organizationName= optional
organizationalUnitName= optional
commonName= supplied
emailAddress= optional

####################################################################
[ req ]
default_bits= 2048
default_md= sha256
default_keyfile = privkey.pem
distinguished_name= req_distinguished_name
attributes= req_attributes
x509_extensions= v3_ca# The extentions to add to the self signed cert

# Passwords for private keys if not present they will be prompted for
# input_password = secret
# output_password = secret

# This sets a mask for permitted string types. There are several options. 
# default: PrintableString, T61String, BMPString.
# pkix : PrintableString, BMPString (PKIX recommendation before 2004)
# utf8only: only UTF8Strings (PKIX recommendation after 2004).
# nombstr : PrintableString, T61String (no BMPStrings or UTF8Strings).
# MASK:XXXX a literal mask value.
# WARNING: ancient versions of Netscape crash on BMPStrings or UTF8Strings.
string_mask = utf8only

# req_extensions = v3_req # The extensions to add to a certificate request

[ req_distinguished_name ]
countryName= Country Name (2 letter code)
countryName_default= XX
countryName_min= 2
countryName_max= 2

stateOrProvinceName= State or Province Name (full name)
#stateOrProvinceName_default= Default Province

localityName= Locality Name (eg, city)
localityName_default= Default City

0.organizationName= Organization Name (eg, company)
0.organizationName_default= Default Company Ltd

# we can do this but it is not needed normally :-)
#1.organizationName= Second Organization Name (eg, company)
#1.organizationName_default= World Wide Web Pty Ltd

organizationalUnitName= Organizational Unit Name (eg, section)
#organizationalUnitName_default=

commonName= Common Name (eg, your name or your server\'s hostname)
commonName_max= 64

emailAddress= Email Address
emailAddress_max= 64

# SET-ex3= SET extension number 3

[ req_attributes ]
challengePassword= A challenge password
challengePassword_min= 4
challengePassword_max= 20

unstructuredName= An optional company name

[ usr_cert ]

# These extensions are added when 'ca' signs a request.

# This goes against PKIX guidelines but some CAs do it and some software
# requires this to avoid interpreting an end user certificate as a CA.

basicConstraints=CA:FALSE

# Here are some examples of the usage of nsCertType. If it is omitted
# the certificate can be used for anything *except* object signing.

# This is OK for an SSL server.
# nsCertType= server

# For an object signing certificate this would be used.
# nsCertType = objsign

# For normal client use this is typical
# nsCertType = client, email

# and for everything including object signing:
# nsCertType = client, email, objsign

# This is typical in keyUsage for a client certificate.
# keyUsage = nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment

# This will be displayed in Netscape's comment listbox.
nsComment= "OpenSSL Generated Certificate"

# PKIX recommendations harmless if included in all certificates.
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer

# This stuff is for subjectAltName and issuerAltname.
# Import the email address.
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# An alternative to produce certificates that aren't
# deprecated according to PKIX.
# subjectAltName=email:move

# Copy subject details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

#nsCaRevocationUrl= http://www.domain.dom/ca-crl.pem
#nsBaseUrl
#nsRevocationUrl
#nsRenewalUrl
#nsCaPolicyUrl
#nsSslServerName

# This is required for TSA certificates.
# extendedKeyUsage = critical,timeStamping

[ v3_req ]

# Extensions to add to a certificate request

basicConstraints = CA:FALSE
keyUsage = nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment

[ v3_ca ]


# Extensions for a typical CA


# PKIX recommendation.

subjectKeyIdentifier=hash

authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid:always,issuer

# This is what PKIX recommends but some broken software chokes on critical
# extensions.
#basicConstraints = critical,CA:true
# So we do this instead.
basicConstraints = CA:true

# Key usage: this is typical for a CA certificate. However since it will
# prevent it being used as an test self-signed certificate it is best
# left out by default.
# keyUsage = cRLSign, keyCertSign

# Some might want this also
# nsCertType = sslCA, emailCA

# Include email address in subject alt name: another PKIX recommendation
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# Copy issuer details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

# DER hex encoding of an extension: beware experts only!
# obj=DER:02:03
# Where 'obj' is a standard or added object
# You can even override a supported extension:
# basicConstraints= critical, DER:30:03:01:01:FF

[ crl_ext ]

# CRL extensions.
# Only issuerAltName and authorityKeyIdentifier make any sense in a CRL.

# issuerAltName=issuer:copy
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid:always

[ proxy_cert_ext ]
# These extensions should be added when creating a proxy certificate

# This goes against PKIX guidelines but some CAs do it and some software
# requires this to avoid interpreting an end user certificate as a CA.

basicConstraints=CA:FALSE

# Here are some examples of the usage of nsCertType. If it is omitted
# the certificate can be used for anything *except* object signing.

# This is OK for an SSL server.
# nsCertType= server

# For an object signing certificate this would be used.
# nsCertType = objsign

# For normal client use this is typical
# nsCertType = client, email

# and for everything including object signing:
# nsCertType = client, email, objsign

# This is typical in keyUsage for a client certificate.
# keyUsage = nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment

# This will be displayed in Netscape's comment listbox.
nsComment= "OpenSSL Generated Certificate"

# PKIX recommendations harmless if included in all certificates.
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer

# This stuff is for subjectAltName and issuerAltname.
# Import the email address.
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# An alternative to produce certificates that aren't
# deprecated according to PKIX.
# subjectAltName=email:move

# Copy subject details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

#nsCaRevocationUrl= http://www.domain.dom/ca-crl.pem
#nsBaseUrl
#nsRevocationUrl
#nsRenewalUrl
#nsCaPolicyUrl
#nsSslServerName

# This really needs to be in place for it to be a proxy certificate.
proxyCertInfo=critical,language:id-ppl-anyLanguage,pathlen:3,policy:foo

####################################################################
[ tsa ]

default_tsa = tsa_config1# the default TSA section

[ tsa_config1 ]

# These are used by the TSA reply generation only.
dir= ./demoCA# TSA root directory
serial= $dir/tsaserial# The current serial number (mandatory)
crypto_device= builtin# OpenSSL engine to use for signing
signer_cert= $dir/tsacert.pem # The TSA signing certificate
# (optional)
certs= $dir/cacert.pem# Certificate chain to include in reply
# (optional)
signer_key= $dir/private/tsakey.pem # The TSA private key (optional)

default_policy= tsa_policy1# Policy if request did not specify it
# (optional)
other_policies= tsa_policy2, tsa_policy3# acceptable policies (optional)
digests= sha1, sha256, sha384, sha512# Acceptable message digests (mandatory)
accuracy= secs:1, millisecs:500, microsecs:100# (optional)
clock_precision_digits  = 0# number of digits after dot. (optional)
ordering= yes# Is ordering defined for timestamps?
# (optional, default: no)
tsa_name= yes# Must the TSA name be included in the reply?
# (optional, default: no)
ess_cert_id_chain= no# Must the ESS cert id chain be included?
# (optional, default: no)
= $ENV::HOME/.oid
oid_section= new_oids

# To use this configuration file with the "-extfile" option of the
# "openssl x509" utility, name here the section containing the
# X.509v3 extensions to use:
# extensions= 
# (Alternatively, use a configuration file that has only
# X.509v3 extensions in its main [= default] section.)

[ new_oids ]

# We can add new OIDs in here for use by 'ca', 'req' and 'ts'.
# Add a simple OID like this:
# 我们可以在这里添加新的 OID 以供 'ca','req' 和 'ts' 使用。
# 像这样添加一个简单的 OID:
# testoid1=1.2.3.4
# Or use config file substitution like this:
# testoid2=${testoid1}.5.6

# Policies used by the TSA examples.
# TSA示例使用的策略。
tsa_policy1 = 1.2.3.4.1
tsa_policy2 = 1.2.3.4.5.6
tsa_policy3 = 1.2.3.4.5.7

####################################################################
[ ca ]
default_ca= CA_default# The default ca section,指向下面的 [ CA_default ]

####################################################################
[ CA_default ]

dir= /etc/pki/CA# Where everything is kept CA(CA 目录,所有 CA 信息都存在这里)
certs= $dir/certs# Where the issued certs are kept(颁发证书存放目录)
crl_dir= $dir/crl# Where the issued crl are kept(CRl 证书撤销信息存储目录)
database= $dir/index.txt# database index file.(数据库目录文件)
#unique_subject= no# Set to 'no' to allow creation of several ctificates with same subject.(设置为“no”以允许创建多个具有相同主体的 ctificates。)
new_certs_dir= $dir/newcerts# default place for new certs.(新证书的默认位置。)

certificate= $dir/cacert.pem # The CA certificate(CA证书)
serial= $dir/serial # The current serial number(当前证书的序号)
crlnumber= $dir/crlnumber# the current crl number(当前的 crl 序号)
# must be commented out to leave a V1 CRL (必须注释掉以留下V1 CRL)
crl= $dir/crl.pem # The current CRL(目前的 CRL)
private_key= $dir/private/cakey.pem# The private key (私钥)
RANDFILE= $dir/private/.rand# private random number file (私人随机数文件)

x509_extensions= usr_cert# The extentions to add to the cert

# Comment out the following two lines for the "traditional"
# (and highly broken) format.
name_opt = ca_default# Subject Name options
cert_opt = ca_default# Certificate field options

# Extension copying option: use with caution.
# copy_extensions = copy

# Extensions to add to a CRL. Note: Netscape communicator chokes on V2 CRLs
# so this is commented out by default to leave a V1 CRL.
# crlnumber must also be commented out to leave a V1 CRL.
# crl_extensions= crl_ext

default_days= 365# how long to certify for
default_crl_days= 30# how long before next CRL
default_md= sha256# use SHA-256 by default
preserve= no# keep passed DN ordering

# A few difference way of specifying how similar the request should look
# For type CA, the listed attributes must be the same, and the optional
# and supplied fields are just that :-)
policy= policy_match

# For the CA policy
[ policy_match ]
countryName= match
stateOrProvinceName= match
organizationName= match
organizationalUnitName= optional
commonName= supplied
emailAddress= optional

# For the 'anything' policy
# At this point in time, you must list all acceptable 'object'
# types.
[ policy_anything ]
countryName= optional
stateOrProvinceName= optional
localityName= optional
organizationName= optional
organizationalUnitName= optional
commonName= supplied
emailAddress= optional

####################################################################
[ req ]
default_bits= 2048
default_md= sha256
default_keyfile = privkey.pem
distinguished_name= req_distinguished_name
attributes= req_attributes
x509_extensions= v3_ca# The extentions to add to the self signed cert

# Passwords for private keys if not present they will be prompted for
# input_password = secret
# output_password = secret

# This sets a mask for permitted string types. There are several options. 
# default: PrintableString, T61String, BMPString.
# pkix : PrintableString, BMPString (PKIX recommendation before 2004)
# utf8only: only UTF8Strings (PKIX recommendation after 2004).
# nombstr : PrintableString, T61String (no BMPStrings or UTF8Strings).
# MASK:XXXX a literal mask value.
# WARNING: ancient versions of Netscape crash on BMPStrings or UTF8Strings.
string_mask = utf8only

# req_extensions = v3_req # The extensions to add to a certificate request

[ req_distinguished_name ]
countryName= Country Name (2 letter code)
countryName_default= XX
countryName_min= 2
countryName_max= 2

stateOrProvinceName= State or Province Name (full name)
#stateOrProvinceName_default= Default Province

localityName= Locality Name (eg, city)
localityName_default= Default City

0.organizationName= Organization Name (eg, company)
0.organizationName_default= Default Company Ltd

# we can do this but it is not needed normally :-)
#1.organizationName= Second Organization Name (eg, company)
#1.organizationName_default= World Wide Web Pty Ltd

organizationalUnitName= Organizational Unit Name (eg, section)
#organizationalUnitName_default=

commonName= Common Name (eg, your name or your server\'s hostname)
commonName_max= 64

emailAddress= Email Address
emailAddress_max= 64

# SET-ex3= SET extension number 3

[ req_attributes ]
challengePassword= A challenge password
challengePassword_min= 4
challengePassword_max= 20

unstructuredName= An optional company name

[ usr_cert ]

# These extensions are added when 'ca' signs a request.

# This goes against PKIX guidelines but some CAs do it and some software
# requires this to avoid interpreting an end user certificate as a CA.

basicConstraints=CA:FALSE

# Here are some examples of the usage of nsCertType. If it is omitted
# the certificate can be used for anything *except* object signing.

# This is OK for an SSL server.
# nsCertType= server

# For an object signing certificate this would be used.
# nsCertType = objsign

# For normal client use this is typical
# nsCertType = client, email

# and for everything including object signing:
# nsCertType = client, email, objsign

# This is typical in keyUsage for a client certificate.
# keyUsage = nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment

# This will be displayed in Netscape's comment listbox.
nsComment= "OpenSSL Generated Certificate"

# PKIX recommendations harmless if included in all certificates.
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer

# This stuff is for subjectAltName and issuerAltname.
# Import the email address.
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# An alternative to produce certificates that aren't
# deprecated according to PKIX.
# subjectAltName=email:move

# Copy subject details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

#nsCaRevocationUrl= http://www.domain.dom/ca-crl.pem
#nsBaseUrl
#nsRevocationUrl
#nsRenewalUrl
#nsCaPolicyUrl
#nsSslServerName

# This is required for TSA certificates.
# extendedKeyUsage = critical,timeStamping

[ v3_req ]

# Extensions to add to a certificate request

basicConstraints = CA:FALSE
keyUsage = nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment

[ v3_ca ]


# Extensions for a typical CA


# PKIX recommendation.

subjectKeyIdentifier=hash

authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid:always,issuer

# This is what PKIX recommends but some broken software chokes on critical
# extensions.
#basicConstraints = critical,CA:true
# So we do this instead.
basicConstraints = CA:true

# Key usage: this is typical for a CA certificate. However since it will
# prevent it being used as an test self-signed certificate it is best
# left out by default.
# keyUsage = cRLSign, keyCertSign

# Some might want this also
# nsCertType = sslCA, emailCA

# Include email address in subject alt name: another PKIX recommendation
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# Copy issuer details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

# DER hex encoding of an extension: beware experts only!
# obj=DER:02:03
# Where 'obj' is a standard or added object
# You can even override a supported extension:
# basicConstraints= critical, DER:30:03:01:01:FF

[ crl_ext ]

# CRL extensions.
# Only issuerAltName and authorityKeyIdentifier make any sense in a CRL.

# issuerAltName=issuer:copy
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid:always

[ proxy_cert_ext ]
# These extensions should be added when creating a proxy certificate

# This goes against PKIX guidelines but some CAs do it and some software
# requires this to avoid interpreting an end user certificate as a CA.

basicConstraints=CA:FALSE

# Here are some examples of the usage of nsCertType. If it is omitted
# the certificate can be used for anything *except* object signing.

# This is OK for an SSL server.
# nsCertType= server

# For an object signing certificate this would be used.
# nsCertType = objsign

# For normal client use this is typical
# nsCertType = client, email

# and for everything including object signing:
# nsCertType = client, email, objsign

# This is typical in keyUsage for a client certificate.
# keyUsage = nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment

# This will be displayed in Netscape's comment listbox.
nsComment= "OpenSSL Generated Certificate"

# PKIX recommendations harmless if included in all certificates.
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer

# This stuff is for subjectAltName and issuerAltname.
# Import the email address.
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# An alternative to produce certificates that aren't
# deprecated according to PKIX.
# subjectAltName=email:move

# Copy subject details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

#nsCaRevocationUrl= http://www.domain.dom/ca-crl.pem
#nsBaseUrl
#nsRevocationUrl
#nsRenewalUrl
#nsCaPolicyUrl
#nsSslServerName

# This really needs to be in place for it to be a proxy certificate.
proxyCertInfo=critical,language:id-ppl-anyLanguage,pathlen:3,policy:foo

####################################################################
[ tsa ]

default_tsa = tsa_config1# the default TSA section

[ tsa_config1 ]

# These are used by the TSA reply generation only.
dir= ./demoCA# TSA root directory
serial= $dir/tsaserial# The current serial number (mandatory)
crypto_device= builtin# OpenSSL engine to use for signing
signer_cert= $dir/tsacert.pem # The TSA signing certificate
# (optional)
certs= $dir/cacert.pem# Certificate chain to include in reply
# (optional)
signer_key= $dir/private/tsakey.pem # The TSA private key (optional)

default_policy= tsa_policy1# Policy if request did not specify it
# (optional)
other_policies= tsa_policy2, tsa_policy3# acceptable policies (optional)
digests= sha1, sha256, sha384, sha512# Acceptable message digests (mandatory)
accuracy= secs:1, millisecs:500, microsecs:100# (optional)
clock_precision_digits  = 0# number of digits after dot. (optional)
ordering= yes# Is ordering defined for timestamps?
# (optional, default: no)
tsa_name= yes# Must the TSA name be included in the reply?
# (optional, default: no)
ess_cert_id_chain= no# Must the ESS cert id chain be included?
# (optional, default: no)
Last modification:November 14th, 2018 at 05:25 pm
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